Guru Nanak Jayanti 2021: Date, History, Significance and Significance of Guru Parv

Guru Nanak Jayanti 2021 (Guruparb) Date: Every year the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of Sikhism, is celebrated as Guru Nanak Jayanti. Also known as Prakash Utsav or Guru Parv, it is one of the most important occasions for the Sikh community.

On this day, Sikhs around the world pay tribute to the Guru, who was born in 1469 at Rai Bhoi’s Talwandi, now known as Nanak Sahib, near Lahore (in Pakistan). The 552nd birth anniversary celebrations are celebrated this year.

According to the traditional Bikrami calendar, Guru was born on Kartik (Cuttack) Purnima (Purnamashi). This year it is falling on 19th November 2021.

According to, Purnima Tithi begins – November 18, 2021 at 12:00 PM, and ends on November 19, 2021 at 02:26 PM.

The day begins with Prabhat Pheri or an early morning procession at the Gurudwara. Two days before Guru Nanak Jayanti, the Akhand Path or Guru Granth Sahib is recited continuously for 48 hours in gurdwaras. A day before Guru Nanak Jayanti, a procession called Nagarkirtan is organized which is led by the Panj Pyare (Five Beloved). They carry the Nishan Sahib (Sikh flag), and Palki (palanquin carrying the Holy Guru Granth Sahib). The ritual also includes a Gatka performance by Sikh martial arts experts. The leaders spread the message of Guru Nanak while the devotees sing hymns.

The festivities on the main day begin with Amrit Vela. After reciting the morning hymns, the story and kirtan are narrated. Then, after the prayer, Sikhs gather for langar or community meal. After the meal (langar), recitation of katha and kirtan continues, and the celebration ends with Gurbani at night.

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