Five skin care ingredients that are game-changers in your self-care routine

The world of skincare is constantly evolving. A few years back, we were strictly using walnut scrubs, and wearing sun protection or sunscreen was preferred by only a few. While harsh, physical scrubs damage the skin’s protective layer, leaving it dry and without moisture, sun damage is a known cause of hyperpigmentation, sunburns, dark spots, wrinkles, fine lines, and more. With the advent of K-beauty or Korean skin care, ingredients such as vitamin C, ginseng and aloe vera have become increasingly popular.

But, with such a wide array of brands, products, and ingredients, how do you determine which ingredients are most effective? We list five popular skin care ingredients that have been featured in major beauty trends this year.

Know what to include in your daily routine. (Source: Getty Images/Thinkstock)

hyaluronic acid

Found in serums, moisturizers, and essences, hyaluronic acid is a powerful humectant that hydrates the skin’s surface. Although it occurs naturally in the human body, it decreases significantly with age resulting in dry, mature skin and the appearance of fine lines. Hyaluronic acid is rich in antioxidants and can help protect the skin from everyday dust and pollution. Frequent, topical application of this acid can help the skin retain more moisture and, as a result, appear softer and supple.

vitamin C

Vitamin C is known to be an ingredient rich in powerful antioxidant properties that aids in the natural cell regeneration process and accelerates skin renewal. It fights against radicals and pollution and provides protection from harmful UV sun rays. This is an extremely useful ingredient as it helps boost the skin’s natural collagen supply, giving it a nourishing glow to keep it glowing. It also helps in reducing pigmentation, dullness, dark spots and fine lines. This ingredient is perfect for oily skinned beauties to include in their regime, as the vitamin C serum has a water-tight consistency that soaks through the skin in seconds. It is also known to increase collagen production as collagen is a naturally occurring protein that degrades over time with age. Lower levels of collagen can lead to fine lines and wrinkles, and vitamin C can help combat this.

Vitamin E

This ingredient is mentioned in many popular skincare products. Popularly known to help reduce acne scars, it also works on hyperpigmentation. Not only this, with regular use it can also help in delaying the onset of ageing. According to healthline, “Vitamin E is high in antioxidants, and this affects blood circulation. This is why people notice a difference in the firmness and structure of their skin after topical use of vitamin E oil.” a study published in Indian Dermatol Online The Journal explains that vitamin E is an important fat-soluble antioxidant and is used in many cosmetic products because it “protects the skin from various harmful effects caused by solar radiation by acting as a free-radical scavenger.”

aloe vera

The humble aloe vera has been a versatile part of skincare for many years. This beauty ingredient has many benefits ranging from hydration to moisturization. It can be combined and used with SPF to help fight the harmful UV rays that can cause skin problems like sunburn, heat rash, hyperpigmentation, dark spots etc. Aloe also helps in taking care of frizzy hair and dandruff problems. The ingredient is derived from a plant that can be grown quite easily even at home.

Acid or AHA/BHA

AHAs (alpha-hydroxy acids) and BHAs (beta-hydroxy acids) have been a recent addition to the skincare culture in India, but are extremely popular in Western and Korean skincare. Beauty gurus swear by it. According to healthline“Chemical exfoliants are acids that get rid of dead skin cells. They come in different concentrations. Chemical exfoliants are known to carefully remove thin layers of dead skin cells for a glowing appearance and stimulate the production of collagen, revealing refreshed skin after every use. While AHAs are made from lactic acid — derived from milk — BHAs contain salicylic acid, which works great for people with oily or acne-prone skin.

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