According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) 2019 report, around 77 million people in the age group of 20-79 years in India suffer from diabetes and about 43 million people suffer from undiagnosed diabetes. Although this metabolic disorder has increased in all age groups in recent times, its incidence has increased by 5-10 per cent in young adults, said Dr Ashutosh Goyal, Senior Consultant, Endocrinology, Paras Hospital, Gurugram.
He said that experts are seeing an increase in the number of diabetic patients in the OPDs among young and middle aged patients (aged 20-50 years). “The rapid growth among this group of population in India is mainly attributed to poor lifestyle which includes unhealthy eating habits and physical inactivity leading to increased body weight,” he said.
Also, the restrictions of lockdown and working away from home brought many challenges. While some made positive changes to their lifestyles – by engaging in a variety of workouts – some had to limit their physical activity due to long hours of work at home, insufficient sleep, increased stress and irregular dietary patterns, leading to Weight gain and increased risk of diabetes. ,
major risk factors
Major risk factors for diabetes in young and middle-aged adults include:
family history of diabetes
lack of physical activity
smoking and excessive alcohol consumption
high blood pressure
History of PCOS or gestational diabetes
People with diabetes usually experience these symptoms—alone or in combination:
Frequent urination: The frequency of urination increases as the body tries to flush out the extra glucose from the body.
Excessive Thirst: Urinating a lot leads to dehydration or increased thirst.
Fatigue and Fatigue: Due to insufficient level of sugar in the cells, there is a lack of energy in the body.
Weight loss: Since cells are unable to absorb enough glucose, the body burns fat for energy which leads to weight loss.
Reduce refined carbohydrates and sugar: Eating foods with high sugar and carbohydrate content can raise blood sugar levels which can eventually lead to diabetes over time. Instead of refined carbohydrates, it is better to choose complex carbohydrates such as whole grains, oatmeal and vegetables.
Quit Smoking: Smoking causes insulin resistance which can lead to type 2 diabetes. Quitting smoking can reduce the risk of diabetes.
exercise regularly: It is important to stay physically active and avoid a sedentary lifestyle. One should try to indulge in physical activities like walking, swimming, cycling, yoga etc. for at least 30 minutes every day. However, outdoor activities should be avoided if there is a lot of smog or pollution outside.
Consume a good amount of fiber: Getting plenty of fiber in the diet is good for weight management and gut health. Adequate fiber in the diet can prevent a rise in insulin and blood sugar levels.
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